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simplecfg.h

//======================================================================
// File:          simplecfg.h
// Author:  Matthias Toussaint
// Created: Mon Okt 30 22:01:05 CET 2000
//----------------------------------------------------------------------
// Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software and its
// documentation  for any  purpose and  without fee is  hereby  granted,
// provided  that below copyright notice appear  in all copies  and that
// both  that  copyright  notice and  this permission  notice  appear in
// supporting documentation.
// 
// This  file is  provided AS IS  with no  warranties  of any kind.  The
// author shall  have no liability  with respect  to the infringement of
// copyrights, trade  secrets  or any patents by  this file  or any part
// thereof.  In no event will the author be liable  for any lost revenue
// or profits or other special, indirect and consequential damages.
//----------------------------------------------------------------------
// (c) 2000 Matthias Toussaint
//======================================================================

#ifndef SIMPLECFG_HH
#define SIMPLECFG_HH

#include <qstring.h>
#include <qmap.h>
#include <qcolor.h>
#include <qtextstream.h>

// I _REALLY_ like writing documentation. Here documentation
// efficiently hides the code ...
//
class SimpleCfg;

/** Encapsulates a group (section) in the configuration file.
  
    Groups in the configuration file start with a group name embraced
    with rectangular braces ([<i>groupname</i>]). The key/value pairs
    following this group name belong to this group.
  
    Normally you should not use this class but instead SimpleCfg which
    gives you full control over the configuration file.
    
    SimpleCfg is licensed under GPL
  
    \author Matthias Toussaint, &copy; 2000 Matthias Toussaint
*/
00047 class SimpleCfgGroup
{
  friend class SimpleCfg;
      
public:
  /// Destructor
  virtual ~SimpleCfgGroup();

  /// Return group name
00056   QString name() const { return groupName; }
  /// Remove given key from group
  void remove( const QString & key );
  /** Check if configuration contains key named <i>key</i>.
      \param key Name of key to look for
      \returns true if found
    */
  bool contains( const QString & key );
  /** Set integer value. 
      If the key does not exist it is created
      \param key Key to be searched for
      \param val Value to be assigned to key
    */
  void    setInt( const QString & key, int val );
  /** Retrieve integer value. 
      If the key does not exist it is created with the default
      value.
      \param key Key to be searched for
      \param def Default value to be returned if key not found
      \returns Value of key or default value
    */
  int     getInt( const QString & key, int def );
  /** Set double value. 
      If the key does not exist it is created
      \param key Key to be searched for
      \param val Value to be assigned to key
    */
  void    setDouble( const QString & key, double val );
  /** Retrieve double value. 
      If the key does not exist it is created with the default
      value.
      \param key Key to be searched for
      \param def Default value to be returned if key not found
      \returns Value of key or default value
    */
  double  getDouble( const QString & key, double def );
  /** Set string value. 
      If the key does not exist it is created
      \param key Key to be searched for
      \param val Value to be assigned to key
    */
  void    setString( const QString & key, const QString & val );
  /** Retrieve string value. 
      If the key does not exist it is created with the default
      value.
      \param key Key to be searched for
      \param def Default value to be returned if key not found
      \returns Value of key or default value
    */
  QString getString( const QString & key, const QString & def );
  /** Set QRgb (unsigned long) value. 
      If the key does not exist it is created
      \param key Key to be searched for
      \param val Value to be assigned to key
    */
  void    setRGB( const QString & key, QRgb val );
  /** Retrieve QRgb value (basically unsigned long). 
      If the key does not exist it is created with the default
      value.
      \param key Key to be searched for
      \param def Default value to be returned if key not found
      \returns Value of key or default value
    */
  QRgb    getRGB( const QString & key, QRgb def );
  /** Set bool value. 
      If the key does not exist it is created
      \param key Key to be searched for
      \param val Value to be assigned to key
    */
  void    setBool( const QString & key, bool val );
  /** Retrieve bool value. 
      If the key does not exist it is created with the default
      value. The bool values appear as "true"/"false" in the
      configuration file.
      \param key Key to be searched for
      \param val Default value to be returned if key not found
      \returns Value of key or default value
    */
  bool    getBool( const QString & key, bool def );
  /** Access iterator over keys.
      If there are no keys this member returns SimpleCfgGroup::end().
      
      If you want to iterate through the keys you'll need code like
      the following:
      \code
      
      QMap<QString,QString>::Iterator it;
      
      for (it=group.begin(); it != group.end(); ++it)
      {
        // it.key() returns the key
        // it.data() returns the value as string
      }
      
      \endcode
    */
00152   inline QMap<QString,QString>::Iterator begin() { return map.begin(); }
  /** Access end value for iterator.
      \see SimpleCfgGroup::begin()
    */
00156   inline QMap<QString,QString>::Iterator end()   { return map.end(); }

protected:
  /// Construct a group with name
  SimpleCfgGroup( const QString & name );
  
  /// Rename the group
  void setName( const QString & name );
  /// Read from QTextStream
  void read( QTextStream & );
  /// Write to QTextStream
  void write( QTextStream & );
  
  QMap<QString,QString> map;
  QString               groupName;
  
};

/** Encapsulation of an "Windows-ini-style" ASCII configuration file. You
    know these
    \code
    [operating system]
    windows=sux
    unix=rocks
    \endcode
    configuration files.
    
    Usage is quite simple. Just create a SimpleCfg object and retrieve
    the needed values in your code. All retrieval member need a default
    value. This ensures that first usage of the configuration file
    (Means file does not exist on harddisk) will create a file with
    hopefully sane (you have to specify them :) default values. Next time
    you'll find a complete configuration file on disk.
    
    You could use the above example as follows:
    \code
    SimpleCfg cfg( "filename" );
    cfg.load();   // The file is _not_ loaded in the constructor!
    
    cerr << "Windows " << cfg.getString( "operating system", "windows", "is good" ) 
         << endl;
    cerr << "Unix " << cfg.getString( "operating system", "unix", "is old crap" )
         << endl;
    
    cfg.save();   // If file did not exist it is created now.
    \endcode
    If the file could be read you would see the following output:
    \code
    Windows sux
    Unix rocks
    \endcode
    If the file could not be read:
    \code
    Windows is good
    Unix is old crap
    \endcode
    So always ensure your configuration files can be read :)
    \warning
    You can not have two or more groups with the same name. Same applies
    to keys within a group.
    
    SimpleCfg is licensed under GPL
    
    \author Matthias Toussaint, &copy; 2000 Matthias Toussaint
  */
00221 class SimpleCfg
{
public:
  /// Construct empty configuration with filename
  SimpleCfg( const QString & );
  /// Destructor
  virtual ~SimpleCfg();
  
  /** Set header comment for configuration file
  
      \param comment This string will be printed at the beginning of the
       file. MAKE SHURE IT CONTAINS COMMENT SIGNS AT THE VERY BEGINNING
       OF EACH LINE (#)
    */
  void setComment( const QString & comment );
  
  /** Retrieve filename
      \return filename
    */
00240   QString filename() const { return fname; }
  /** Rename file.
      Does not load the new file. Next save and load will use this filename.
      \param fn filename to be used from now on.
    */
00245   void setFilename( const QString & fn ) { fname = fn; }
  /** Load configuration file from disk.
      \return true on success
    */
  bool load();
  /** Store configuration file to disk.
      \return true on success
   */
  bool save();
  /// Clear configuration
  void clear();
  /** Remove all empty keys.
      Calling this member all keys that have an empty value are removed.
      This configuration file will look a bit nicer if you call this
      before saving. 
      \warning It might fuck up your configuration if
      a value was empty by intention and the default value for reading 
      is <b>not</b> empty. If you don't know what you are doing
      don't call this member!
    */
  void removeEmpty();
  /** Remove key <i>key</i> from group <i>group</i>.
      \param group Group to be used
      \param key Key to be removed
    */
  void remove( const QString & group, const QString & key );
  /** Remove group <i>group</i>.
      \param group Group to be removed
    */
  void remove( const QString & group );
  /** Check if configuration contains group named <i>group</i>.
      \param group Name of group to look for
      \returns true if found
    */
  bool contains( const QString & group );
  /** Check if configuration contains key in group named <i>group</i>.
      \param group Name of group to look for
      \param key Name of key to look for
      \returns true if found
    */
  bool contains( const QString & group, const QString & key );
  /** Add empty group. 
      An empty group is added. This is needed for the load member. If
      the group already exists this request is ignored.
      \param group Group to be added
    */
  void add( const QString & group );
  /** Set integer value. 
      If the key does not exist it is created
      \param group Group to be used
      \param key Key to be searched for
      \param val Value to be assigned to key
    */
  void setInt( const QString &group, const QString & key, int val );
  /** Retrieve integer value. 
      If the key does not exist it is created with the default
      value.
      \param group Group to be used
      \param key Key to be searched for
      \param def Default value to be returned if key not found
      \returns Value of key or default value
    */
  int     getInt( const QString &group, const QString & key, int def );
  /** Set double value. 
      If the key does not exist it is created
      \param group Group to be used
      \param key Key to be searched for
      \param val Value to be assigned to key
    */
  void    setDouble( const QString &group, const QString & key, double val );
  /** Retrieve double value. 
      If the key does not exist it is created with the default
      value.
      \param group Group to be used
      \param key Key to be searched for
      \param def Default value to be returned if key not found
      \returns Value of key or default value
    */
  double  getDouble( const QString &group, const QString & key, double def );
  /** Set string value. 
      If the key does not exist it is created
      \param group Group to be used
      \param key Key to be searched for
      \param val Value to be assigned to key
    */
  void    setString( const QString &group, const QString & key, const QString & val );
  /** Retrieve string value. 
      If the key does not exist it is created with the default
      value.
      \param group Group to be used
      \param key Key to be searched for
      \param def Default value to be returned if key not found
      \returns Value of key or default value
    */
  QString getString( const QString &group, const QString & key, const QString & def );
  /** Set QRgb (unsigned long) value. 
      If the key does not exist it is created.
      \param group Group to be used
      \param key Key to be searched for
      \param val Value to be assigned to key
    */
  void    setRGB( const QString &group, const QString & key, QRgb val );
  /** Retrieve QRgb (unsigned long) value. 
      If the key does not exist it is created with the default
      value.
      \param group Group to be used
      \param key Key to be searched for
      \param def Default value to be returned if key not found
      \returns Value of key or default value
    */
  QRgb    getRGB( const QString &group, const QString & key, QRgb def );
  /** Set bool value. 
      If the key does not exist it is created.
      \param group Group to be used
      \param key Key to be searched for
      \param val Value to be assigned to key
    */
  void    setBool( const QString &group, const QString & key, bool val );
  /** Retrieve bool value. 
      If the key does not exist it is created with the default
      value.
      \param group Group to be used
      \param key Key to be searched for
      \param def Default value to be returned if key not found
      \returns Value of key or default value
    */
  bool    getBool( const QString &group, const QString & key, bool def );

  /** Access iterator over groups.
      If there are no groups this member returns SimpleCfg::end().
      
      If you want to iterate through the whole configuration you'll 
      need code like the following:
      \code
      
      SimpleCfg cfg( "filename" );
      cfg.load();
      
      QMap<QString,SimpleCfgGroup *>::Iterator group;
      
      for (group=cfg.begin(); group != cfg.end(); ++group)
      {
        // group.key() returns the group name as QString
        // group.data() returns a pointer to the group
        
        cerr << "[" << group.key().latin1() << "]" << endl;
        
        QMap<QString,QString>::Iterator key;
        
        for (key=group.data()->begin(); key != group.data()->end(); ++key)
        {
          // key.key() returns the key name
          // key.data() returns the value as QString
          
          cerr << key.key().latin1() << " = " << key.data().latin1() << endl;
        }
      }
      
      \endcode
      The above code will print the content of your configuration file (without 
      comments and alphabetically sorted) to stderr.
      \see SimpleCfg::end()
    */
00408   inline QMap<QString,SimpleCfgGroup *>::Iterator begin() { return map.begin(); }
  /** Access end value for iterator.
      \see SimpleCfg::begin()
    */
00412   inline QMap<QString,SimpleCfgGroup *>::Iterator end()   { return map.end(); }
  
protected:
  QMap<QString,SimpleCfgGroup *> map;
  QString                        fname;
  QString                        curGroup;
  QString                        m_comment;
  
};

#endif

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